How do soil acidity and silviculture affect the value of ecosystem services from sugar maple stands in the Adirondacks?

In New York State's Adirondack Park, mature sugar maple stands are found on both acidified (<=12% base saturation) and well-buffered (>12% base saturation) soils. On acidified soils, poor regeneration makes it unlikely that sugar maple will persist where management relies on canopy removal, such as with diameter-limit or shelterwood harvesting. On well-buffered soils, regeneration is sufficient to make persistence of sugar maple compatible with canopy removal (especially careful use of the shelterwood system with cleaning to remove undesirable competition). Some ecosystem services are dependent upon sugar maple persistence (e.g. maple syrup), while others can be produced to varying extents by a variety of tree species (e.g. fall foliage, GHG regulation). Using the Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS), we modeled the change in several ecosystem services over time as driven by the interaction between management and soil base saturation. All values were translated to 2014 dollars using the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics inflation calculator.